No.137 Squadron

A horse’s head couped
A horse’s head couped
Do right, fear naught
01 April 1918
26 August 1945

No 137 Squadron was originally formed at Shawbury on 1 April 1918 as a day bomber training unit but was disbanded there on 4 July 1918 before becoming operational.

On 20 September 1941 the unit was reformed at RAF Charmy Down as a fighter unit. It was the second and last squadron to be equipped with the Westland Whirlwind fighter bomber. After a brief period of operations the unit moved to East Anglia in November and engaged in sweeps and coastal patrols until June 1943. At this point it converted to Hurricanes and commenced anti-shipping and ground-attack operations.

In January 1944 the unit converted to Typhoons and operated in No 124 Wing on anti-shipping strikes. Later it covered the Normandy landings and was involved in anti-flying bomb operations in June and July. On 13 August 1944 the unit deployed to Normandy as ground-attack support for the advance through France, Belgium and Holland. It carried out armed reconnaissance duties into Germany until the end of the war. The squadron returned to the UK and whilst stationed at RAF Warmwell it was renumbered No 174 Squadron on 26 August 1945.


DH9 1918 - 1918
Whirlwind I 1941 - 1943
Hurricane IV 1943 - 1944
Typhoon IB 1944 - 1945

Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force
James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons
Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
John D R Rawlings Macdonald & Company 1969

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