No.104 Squadron

A thunderbolt
A thunderbolt
Strike Hard
04 September 1917
01 August 1956

No 104 Squadron was formed at Wyton on 4 September 1917 by expanding No 20 Training Squadron. Posted to France in May 1918 and flying D.H.9s, the squadron formed part of the RFC’s Independent Force. From the 8 June the unit was involved in daylight bombing of industrial targets in Germany. Facing strong fighter opposition the squadron was reformed three times due to heavy losses, but managed to shoot down 57 enemy aircraft and deliver 41 tons of bombs.

Disbanded in June 1919, No 104 Squadron was created at Abingdon in January 1936. The day before the out-break of the Second World War it became a training squadron for No 6 Group, subsequently being absorbed by No 13 OTU in April 1940.

One year later the squadron was reformed at Driffield, flying Wellington medium bombers on night raids over Europe. In October 1941 the unit moved to Egypt, bombing Italy, Sicily, Crete and North Africa. In December 1943 it moved to southern Italy and began a programme of bombing, mining and supply work before converting to Liberators in early 1944. October 1945 saw the squadron back in the Middle East operating Lancasters until disbandment in April 1947.

In March 1955 No 104 Squadron reformed with Canberra bombers operating from Guterslöh, Germany, but disbanded again in August 1956. It reformed in July 1959 as a Thor missile unit, finally disbanding May 1963.


D.H.9 1917 - 1919
D.H.10 1918 - 1919
Hind 1936 - 1938
Blenheim I/IV 1938 - 1940
Anson I 1939 - 1940
Wellington II/X 1941 - 1945
Liberator VI 1945 - 1945
Lancaster VII 1945 - 1947
Canberra 2 1955 - 1956
Thor 1959 - 1963

Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force
James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons
Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
Phillip J R Moyes Macdonald & Jane’s 1976

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