Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer CCII


Known familiarly as the ''Twin Pin'', the Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer was a follow-up to the same company's single-engined short take-off and landing (STOL) transport, the Pioneer, and like the latter it required an area only 30m (99ft) by 275m (902ft) from which to operate.

The Twin Pioneer was initially designed as a sixteen-passenger civil transport and first flew in June 1955. Following the success of the Pioneer, the RAF ordered thirty nine of the new type. The first examples entered service with No.78 Squadron in October 1958; air-lifting troops and supplies in the Aden Protectorate.

The Twin Pioneer’s STOL characteristics and suitability for operations in tropical conditions were later demonstrated by aircraft based in Malaya (1959-1960), in Bahrain during the Kuwaiti crisis (1961), in Singapore during the Borneo Campaign (1962-1966) and in Kenya where they were employed on internal security duties in the mid-1960s. The type was also used by No. 230 Squadron, based at RAF Odiham, to provide transport support for Army units in the United Kingdom.

In 1965 an additional aircraft was acquired for use by the Empire Test Pilots School, though the last aircraft on frontline duties was retired in 1968.

In all, eighty-seven Twin Pioneers were built, including civilian versions, and other operators included the Royal Malaysian Air Force and the Nepalese Royal Flight.

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