No.97 Squadron

An ogress pierced by an arrow, point downwards
Badge
An ogress pierced by an arrow, point downwards
Motto
Achieve your aim
Formed
01 December 1917
Disbanded
02 January 1967

No 97 Squadron formed at Waddington on 1 December 1917 as a training unit. In March 1918 it was redesignated an operational bomber unit. In August 1918 it moved to France and undertook strategic bombing against Germany until the end of the war. In March 1919 it returned to the UK. It re-equipped and then left for India in July 1918. On 1 April 1920 the unit was renumbered No 60 Squadron.

On 16 September 1935 the squadron reformed at RAF Catfoss as a night bomber unit. On 7 June 1938 it became a training squadron. The unit was redesignated No 10 Operational Training Unit on 6 April 1940. No 97 Squadron reformed on 1 May 1940 but disbanded again on 20 May 1940.

On 25 February 1941 the unit reformed at RAF Waddington. The squadron formed part of the main force Bomber Command for the rest of the war. It remained in existence after the war but did not convert to jet bombers before it disbanded on 31 December 1955.

On 1 December 1959 the unit reformed at RAF Hemswell as a ballistic missile squadron. This unit disbanded on 24 May 1963. The following day No 151 Squadron was renumbered No 97 Squadron. The unit finally disbanded on 2 January 1967.


AIRCRAFT

Various types 1917 – 1918
O/400 1918 – 1919
DH10 1919 – 1920
Heyford 1935 – 1939
Anson I 1939 – 1940
Whitley II/III 1939 – 1940
Manchester 1941 – 1942
Lancaster I/III 1942 – 1946
Lincoln 1946 – 1955
Thor 1959 – 1963
Canberra 2 1963 – 1967
Varsity 1963 – 1967
Hastings 1963 – 1967


Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft Phillip J R Moyes Macdonald & Jane’s 1976

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