No.71 Squadron

A bald-headed eagle displayed charged with three stars of nine points
Badge
A bald-headed eagle displayed charged with three stars of nine points
Motto
First from the eyries
Formed
27 March 1917
Disbanded
31 May 1957

Formed at Plymouth on 27 March 1917, No 71 Squadron as a fighter unit. Its initial complement of personnel came from Australia. In December 1917 the unit moved to France. On 19 January 1918 the unit was redesignated No 4 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps. (See No 4 Squadron AFC for further information). This unit ended the war with the highest score, 71 enemy aircraft destroyed, of any of the four Australian squadrons.

On 19 September 1940 No 71 Squadron was reformed at RAF Church Fenton as the first American ‘Eagle’ squadron. The unit became operation al in February 1941. On 29 September 1942 this squadron and two others transferred to 4th Pursuit Group, USAAF October 1944. It became the 334th Pursuit Squadron.

On 1 October 1950 the unit reformed at RAF Gutersloh, Germany as a fighter-bomber squadron. It disbanded on 31 May 1957.


AIRCRAFT

Various types 1917 - 1917
Camel 1917 - 1918
Buffalo 1940 - 1940
Hurricane I/II 1940 - 1941
Spitfire II/V 1941 - 1942
Vampire 5 1950 - 1953
Sabre 1953 - 1956
Hunter 4 1956 – 1957


Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft John D R Rawlings Crecy Books 1993

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