No.60 Squadron

A markhor’s head affrontée
Badge
A markhor’s head affrontée
Motto
Per ardua ad aethera tendo - I strive through difficulties to the sky
Formed
30 April 1916
Disbanded
Current

The squadron was formed on 30 April 1916 at Gosport as a fighter unit and moved to France the following month. One of the unit’s greatest exponents of the SE5 fighter was Captain W A Bishop who was awarded the Victoria Cross for an attack on an enemy airfield in which he destroyed three of the four aircraft who took of to intercept him. In February 1919 the unit returned to the UK and disbanded on 22 January 1920.

On 1 April 1920 No 97 Squadron at Lahore, India was renumbered No 60 Squadron. The squadron operated in co-operation with army units on the North West Frontier. The squadron began the war providing coastal patrols around India. In February 1941 it moved to Burma. It was based in Malaya 1941/42 and undertook attacks on Japanese land and sea forces before being evacuated to India. From March 1942 it began bombing raids on Japanese forces advancing across Burma. It continued to support Allied ground forces in the Burma theatre throughout the war. In September 1945 it moved first to Malaya and then in the following month to Java. During much of the 1948-60 Malayan Emergency the unit provided air support to land forces in their operations against communist terrorists. In October 1959 it became an all weather fighter unit. The squadron disbanded on 30 April 1968.

On 3 February 1969 the RAF Germany Communications Squadron was redesignated No 60 Squadron. The squadron disbanded on 1 April 1992. On 1 June 1992 the unit reformed at RAF Benson as a helicopter transport squadron. This unit disbanded on 31 March 1997. The flying training duties of No 2 Flying Training School at RAF Shawbury were taken over by the Defence Helicopter Flying School with the disbandment of the former unit. By 1997 the task of DHFS had expanded into tri-Service military helicopter training. The Griffin helicopters operated as the Multi Engine Advanced Rotary Wing Squadron of DHFS received the number plate No 60 (Reserve) Squadron on 1 May 1997.


AIRCRAFT

Morane LA/I/V/BB 1916 - 1916
Nieuport 16/17 1916 - 1917
SE5/5A 1917 - 1919
DH10A 1920 - 1923
DH9A 1923 - 1930
Wapiti 1930 - 1939
Blenheim I 1939 - 1942
Buffalo 1941 - 1941
Blenheim IV 1942 - 1943
Hurricane II 1943 - 1945
Thunderbolt 1945 - 1946
Spitfire 18/19 1947 - 1951
Vampire 5/9 1950 - 1955
Venom 1/4 1955 - 1959
Meteor 14 1959 - 1961
Javelin 9 1961 - 1968
Pembroke 1969 - 1990
Herron 1969 - 1972
Andover 2 1971 - 1975
1987 - 1992
Wessex 2 1992 - 1997
Griffin 1997 - current (17 March 2006)
Squirrel HT1 1997 - current (17 March 2006)


Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft Phillip J R Moyes Macdonald & Jane’s 1976

Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft John D R Rawlings Crecy Books 1993

Coastal Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft John D R Rawlings Jane’s Publishing 1982

« back to all squadrons