No.170 Squadron

Issuant from a helmet affrontée, the visor closed, a plume of three ostrich feathers
Badge
Issuant from a helmet affrontée, the visor closed, a plume of three ostrich feathers
Motto
Videre non videri - To see and not be seen
Formed
15 June 1942
Disbanded
14 November 1945

Formed on 15 June 1942, No 170 Squadron was to have a fighter reconnaissance role, co-operating with the 3rd Division.

Operations began in January 1943 with shipping reconnaissance and fighter sweeps on railway targets. In February seven goods trains, including four locomotives, were seriously damaged by No 170 Squadron.

In May, after several months on the ground, the unit returned to reconnaissance duties and home defence patrols. It took up the Selsey-St. Catherine’s Point line for patrols but made no enemy contacts. These sorties continued until 15 January 1944, when the unit was disbanded at RAF Sawbridgeworth.

Exactly nine months later the Squadron was reformed at RAF Kelstern, as a heavy-bomber unit and subsequently took part in many major raids. From 19 October 1944 to 25 April 1945,
No 170 Squadron flew 980 operational sorties in 63 days and nights; nearly 4322 tons of bombs were dropped.

Following its final bombing operation the Squadron took part in OPERATION MANNA (dropping food supplies to the starving Dutch), OPERATION EXODUS (repatriating British POW’s from the Continent) and OPERATION DODGE (ferrying home British troops from Italy). On 14 November 1945, the Squadron was disbanded.


AIRCRAFT

Mustang I/IA 1942 - 1944
Lancaster I/III 1944 - 1945


Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force
James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons
Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
Phillip J R Moyes Macdonald & Jane’s 1976

Coastal Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
John D R Rawlings Jane’s Publishing 1982

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