No.14 Squadron

A winged plate charged with a cross throughout and shoulder pieces of a suit of armour.
Badge
A winged plate charged with a cross throughout and shoulder pieces of a suit of armour.
Motto
I spread my wings and keep my promise (Arabic)
Formed
03 February 1915
Disbanded
Current

No 14 Squadron was formed at Shoreham on 3 February 1915 from a nucleus provided by No.3 Reserve Squadron. The unit left for the Middle East in November 1915. It carried out a series of detachments for the rest of the war providing reconnaissance and bombing support to the advancing Allied forces in the region. The Squadron briefly moved to Greece in late 1918 before returning to the UK. On 4 February 1919 it disbanded.

Reformed on 1 February 1920 when No 111 Squadron was renumbered it was involved in general patrol duties in the Palestinian area until the outbreak of war. The unit moved to Egypt in August 1939 but returned to Jordan in December. When Italy declared war in June 1940 the squadron moved south to the Sudan from where it began bombing targets in Eritrea. It returned to the Middle East and North Africa in 1941 and undertook bombing, mine-laying and anti-shipping operations in the region until 1943. In June 1943 the squadron moved to Sardinia and returned to the UK in September 1944.

At the end of October the re-assembled and re-equipped unit became operational at RAF Chivenor with Leigh-Light Wellingtons. The squadron began anti-submarine patrols, an activity in which it was engaged until the end of the war. The squadron disbanded on 1 June 1945; on the same day No 143 Squadron was renumbered No 14 Squadron. The unit disbanded on 31 March 1946.

On 1 April 1946 No 128 Squadron at Wahn, Germany was renumbered No 14 Squadron. Flying Officer D’Arcy made the first successful ejection from a Venom on 23 March 1953 when the wing came of his aircraft during air to ground gunnery practice. On 17 December 1962 the unit disbanded.

On the same day No 88 Squadron at Wildenrath, Germany was renumbered No 14 Squadron. Operating Canberra bombers until 30 June 1970 the squadron was disbanded only to re-form on the same day as a Phantom fighter-reconnaissance unit. The Squadron saw action again in the desert skies during the Gulf War of 1991. During OPERATION ENGADINE, missions were flown deep into Serbia from Germany in the defence of Kosovo.

The unit returned to the UK with the disbandment of RAF Germany in 2001 and has been based at Lossiemouth since that date.


AIRCRAFT

Maurice Farman S11 1915 - 1915
BE2c/d/e 1915 - 1917
BE12A 1916 - 1916
DH2 1917 - 1917
Vickers FB19 1917 - 1917
Bristol Scout 1917 - 1917
Bristol M1c 1917 - 1917
RE8 1917 - 1918
Nieuport 17 1917 - 1917
F2b 1920 - 1926
DH9A 1924 - 1929
IIIF 1929 - 1932
Gordon 1932 - 1932
Wellesley 1938 - 1940
Gladiator 1940 - 1940
Blenheim IV 1940 - 1942
Marauder 1942 - 1944
Wellington XIV 1944 - 1945
Mosquito VI 1945 - 1946
Mosquito 16/35 1946 - 1951
Vampire 5 1951 - 1954
Venom 1 1953 - 1955
Hunter 4/6 1955 - 1962
Canberra 8 1962 - 1970
Phantom 2 1970 - 1975
Jaguar 1975 - 1984
Tornado 1/4 1985 - 2006


Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force
James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons
Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
Phillip J R Moyes
Macdonald & Jane’s 1976

Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
John D R Rawlings Crecy Books 1993

Coastal Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
John D R Rawlings Jane’s Publishing 1982

RAF Website

RAF Lossiemouth (official) Website

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