No.138 Squadron

A sword in bend, the point uppermost, severing a reef knot
Badge
A sword in bend, the point uppermost, severing a reef knot
Motto
For freedom
Formed
01 May 1918
Disbanded
01 April 1962

No 138 Squadron formed on 1 May 1918 but this was suspended on 4 July 1918 to allow the personnel to be used as re-enforcements for existing units. On 30 September 1918 it reformed at RAF Chingford as a fighter reconnaissance unit. It did not become operational before the end of the war and disbanded on 1 February 1919.

On 25 August 1941 No 1419 (Special Duties) Flight was renumbered No 138 Squadron. The unit’s task was to maintain communications with resistance groups in occupied Europe. Not only did it make supply drops but it also landed in German occupied territory to drop and pick up agents. In October 1942 it gave up the pick up duties to concentrate on supply dropping. On 9 March 1945 the unit transferred to Bomber Command and undertook bombing operations for the rest of the war. On 1 September 1950 the unit disbanded.

On 1 January 1955 the unit reformed at RAF Gaydon as the first Valiant squadron. In October 1956 the squadron was involved in the operations over the Suez Canal Zone. During the crisis the squadron was based in Malta. On 1 April 1962 the unit disbanded.


AIRCRAFT

Bristol F2b 1918 - 1919
Whitley V 1941 – 1942
Lysander III 1941 – 1942
Halifax I/II 1941 – 1944
Stirling IV 1944 – 1945
Lancaster I 1945 – 1947
Lincoln 1947 – 1950
Valiant 1955 – 1962


Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force
James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons
Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
Phillip J R Moyes Macdonald & Jane’s 1976

Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
John D R Rawlings Crecy Books 1993

Coastal Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
John D R Rawlings Jane’s Publishing 1982

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