No.124 Squadron

A mongoose passant
Badge
A mongoose passant
Motto
Danger is our opportunity
Formed
01 March 1918
Disbanded
01 April 1946

Originally formed as a day bomber unit on 1 March 1918, No 124 Squadron was disbanded on 17 August 1918 before it had become operational.

No 124 Squadron was reformed on 10 May 1941 at Castletown. On 29 June the squadron became operational and flew defensive patrols over the Scapa Flow naval base. Moving to Biggin Hill in November 1941, the unit flew convoy patrols and escorted bombers to France.

Late in July 1942 the squadron received Spitfire VIs, designed specifically to intercept the German Junkers Ju 88P high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft. High-altitude interception sorties came to an end in March 1944 when No 124 Squadron joined the Second Tactical Air Force. While with 2TAF the squadron flew escort for American B-17s on missions to France until the invasion. In August 1944 the squadron joined Air Defence of Great Britain, (formerly Fighter Command), for escort duties. February 1945 saw No 124 Squadron attacking
V-2 sites in Holland, and carrying out maritime reconnaissance.

During July 1945 No 124 Squadron began conversion to Meteor jet fighters, becoming operational on this type on 2 October 1945. On 1 April 1946 No 124 Squadron was renamed No 56 Squadron.


AIRCRAFT

D.H.4 1918 - 1918
D.H.9 1918 - 1918
Spitfire I/II/V/VI/VII/IX 1941 - 1945
Meteor 3 1945 - 1946


Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force
James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons
Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
John D R Rawlings Crecy Books 1993

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