No.11 Squadron

Two eagles volant in pale
Badge
Two eagles volant in pale
Motto
Ociores acrierosque aquilis - Swifter and keener than eagles
Formed
14 February 1915
Disbanded
31 October 2005

The formation of No 11 Squadron was authorised on 28 November 1914 but it was not until 14 February 1915 that it reached independent status. It was based at Netheravon at the time. The unit moved to France in July 1915, becoming the first unit to be tasked specifically with fighter duties on the Western Front. Lt G S M Insall was awarded the Victoria Cross for a particularly determined and successful attack on an enemy aircraft on 7 November 1915. From 1917, the squadron served as a fighter and reconnaissance unit. After the war it served as part of the occupation force in Germany before returning to the UK and disbanding on 31 December 1919.

On 23 January 1923 No 11 Squadron re-formed at RAF Andover from personnel of the Air Pilotage School. In November 1928 it began a move to India, and in August 1939 moved to Singapore. Further moves in 1940 took the unit to the Middle East - first to Egypt and then to Aden to support the Abyssinian campaign. The squadron remained in the Middle East until March 1942 when it moved to Ceylon and defended the island against the Japanese fleet. Moving to Burma in 1943, it continued to provide air support to the ground forces in the region until the end of the war. Later it moved to Japan as part of the occupation forces, disbanding on 23 February 1948.

On 15 September 1948 No 107 Squadron was renumbered No 11 Squadron. The unit operated as a fighter-bomber squadron in Germany. No 11 Squadron converted to jets in August 1950. On 15 November 1957 the unit disbanded.

On 21 January 1959 No 256 Squadron was renumbered as No 11 Squadron. The unit remained in Germany and disbanded again on 12 January 1966.

On 1 April 1967 No 11 Squadron re-formed as a fighter squadron for the defence of UK. The unit was the last to be equipped with Lightning fighters. On 1 July 1988 it re-equipped with the Tornado F3 at RAF Leeming, and in 1990, deployed to Saudi Arabia as part of OPERATION DESERT SHIELD. In 1993 and 1994/5 the Squadron deployed as part of OPERATION DENY FLIGHT over Bosnia.

No 11 Squadron formally disbanded on the 31 October 2005, having celebrated its history with a special formation flypast three days previously. However it is planned to re-form 11 Squadron to fly the Eurofighter Typhoon F2.


AIRCRAFT

Vickers ES1 1915 - 1915
Vickers FB5/9 1915 - 1916
Bristol Scout 1915 - 1916
Nieuport 16/17 1915 - 1916
FE2b 1916 - 1917
F2b 1917 - 1919
DH9A 1923 - 1924
Fawn 1924 - 1926
Horsley 1926 - 1928
Wapiti 1928 - 1932
Hart 1932 - 1939
Blenheim I/IV 1939 - 1943
Hurricane II 1943 - 1945
Spitfire XIV/XVIII 1945 - 1948
Mosquito 6 1948 - 1950
Vampire 5 1950 - 1952
Venom 1/4 1952 - 1957
Meteor 11 1959 - 1962
Javelin 4/5/9 1959 - 1966
Lightning 3/6 1967 - 1988
Tornado 3 1988 – 2005


Reference Sources

The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force
James J Halley Air Britain (Historians) Ltd 1988

RAF Squadrons
Wg Cdr C G Jefford Airlife 2001

Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
Phillip J R Moyes Macdonald & Jane’s 1976

Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their aircraft
John D R Rawlings Crecy Books 1993

RAF Website

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