Oliver Hazard Perry Class

Overview

Country: United States

The Perry Class were designed as cost effective surface combatants which could be purchased in large numbers and had minimum manning requirements but nevertheless could be operated independently in a total war situation. It was intended that they would replace many of the modernized Second World War frigates, which had reached the end of their extended lives. Although a number remain in service with the United States Navy and other navies they lack the multi-mission capability of modern surface combatants faced with multiple high technology threats

Perry-Class frigates were primarily intended for undersea warfare providing open-ocean escort and protection to carrier battle groups, amphibious landing groups, underway replenishment groups and convoys in low to moderate threat environments in a major war with the Soviet Union.

They could also provide limited defence against anti-ship missiles extant in the later Cold War years but the Standard missile has now been removed from USN units although it remains with other navies.

Perry Class ships were produced in two variants, known as "short-hull" and "long-hull". The long-hulls carried the SH-60B LAMPS III helicopter while the short hulls carried the less capable SH-2G.

This class has demonstrated how robust it is during the Iraq-Iran War. Two American vessels received considerable damage when the USS Samuel B. Roberts struck a mine and USS Stark was hit by two Exocet cruise missiles. Both ships survived and were repaired.

A total of 55 FFG-7 Oliver Hazard Perry-class ships were built, the majority for the US Navy although four were built for the Royal Australian Navy. Many of the vessels were passed on to allied nations such as Bahrain, Egypt, Poland and Turkey after the end of the Cold War. Shipyards in Australia, Spain and Taiwan have built variants of the long-hull design for their navies.

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