Kashin and Kashin Mod Class

Overview

Country: Soviet Union

The Kashin Class was designed as a multi-role vessel with the capability to undertake anti-air and anti-submarine operations in the defence of Soviet task forces. It was designed to defeat submarines, low-flying aircraft, and cruise missiles. The ship is designed to remain afloat even after significant damage has been inflicted upon it. Air coolers were installed in the funnels to reduce the ship’s thermal signature by 50%. Fourteen ships were built in this original form between 1969 and 1972. Ten were still in Soviet naval service at the end of the Cold War. They were deployed in all the Soviet European and Pacific fleets.

Six ships were modified with the addition of improved electronics and four rear-firing SS-N-2c Styx missiles. To accommodate this their hull was lengthened by approximately two metres. A stern-mounted Variable Depth Sonar (VDS) installation and improved hull-mounted sonar were also fitted. One Kashin MOD was transferred to the Polish Navy. Three were still in service at the end of the Cold War. Unlike the original class ships Kashin MOD destroyers only served with the Baltic, Northern and Black Sea fleets.

In the 1980s five units of a variant of the Kashin MOD Class design were built in USSR for export to India.

The Kashin Class destroyer Otvazhnyy suffered a fire and explosion in her aft SA-N-1 SAM magazine while in the Black Sea on 30 August 1974. Damage to the ship caused her loss, and the deaths of some 200 crew members.

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