Bloodhound

Overview

Bloodhound

Under development from 1949, this radar-homing surface-to-air area-defence missile was originally developed under the codename Yellow Duster, and was known as ‘The Dog’ in RAF service, with individual rounds known as ‘Birds’.

The fixed-installation Mk.1 was directed to its target by Metropolitan-Vickers made high-power three-dimensional tracking radars and AEI-built Stingray target illuminating radars.

Developed from 1957, the Mk.2 had the advantage of being air-transportable. It was less vulnerable to counter measures than the Mk.1, as it employed CW (continuous-wave) radar instead of easily jammable pulse radar. It also had a bigger warhead and greater range, though it could operate at both high 18,288m plus (60,000ft plus) and low altitude, and short and long range. Radar support from 1988 was provided by the Ferranti Type 86, replacing the 50-ton Marconi Type 87. The missile and launcher system itself were of rugged construction.

Bloodhounds were finally withdrawn from RAF service in July 1991.

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