Avro York C1
Manufactured by Avro and incorporating the wings, tail, undercarriage and engines of the Lancaster bomber, the York was to prove a reliable military and civilian transport aircraft in war and peace.
In 1941, following his work on heavy bombers, Avro designer Roy Chadwick began to sketch out a long-range transport aircraft based on the Lancaster. The resulting design became the Avro Type 685 York, and the prototype first flew on 5 July 1942. Essentially, the York married the flying surfaces of the Lancaster to a new square-section fuselage.
Avro York aircraft were used extensively both by the RAF and by a number of British and Commonwealth airlines and charter companies during the 1940s and 1950s. The RAF saw the type become its major long range transport, operating routes with Transport Command to the Middle and Far East.
British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) Avro York aircraft flew the UK – Cairo via Morocco route from early 1944, and then took over the Shorts Empire Class flying boat routes from Cairo to Durban in late 1946. It remained in service for several years as a passenger, freighter and training aircraft. During its period of service, BOAC used 28 different York aircraft.